In Ashcroft v. Iqbal, the Supreme Court reinforced the Twombly Court’s interpretation of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2). Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, (2009). In Twombly, the Court developed a plausibility standard to determine whether a complaint sufficiently states a claim showing the pleader is entitled to relief. See id. The Twombly Court’s plausibility standard requires the pleader to establish their claim with facts “in those contexts where such amplification is needed to render the claim plausible." Bell Atlantic Corporation v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 127 S.Ct. 1955, (2007). “A claim may have facial plausibility when the Plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” See Ashcroft v. Iqbal.
“Although [the court] must accept well-pled facts as true, it is not required to accept a plaintiff’s legal conclusions.” Sinaltrainal v. Coca-Cola Company, 578 F.3d 1252, (2009). “A pleading that offers labels and conclusions or a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not be sufficient.” See Ashcroft v. Iqbal. “Legal conclusions can provide the frame work of a complaint but they must be supported by factual allegations.” Bell Atlantic Corporation v. Twombly.
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